Mario 30th Anniversary – Super Mario Bros. 3



For as long as entertainment has existed there have been moments where something comes along that gets hype built up around it in some way, and video games are no exception to this, especially these days. Usually it can be from the company itself (which can range from the usual advertising to what’s called the hard-sell), or word-of-mouth from the masses. Either way, one of two things will happen: the game doesn’t really end up matching the hype at all, or it actually manages to do so. However, once in a blue moon there comes along something that not only manages to build hype around it, but the end result manages to exceed the expectations of people in such a profound way that other developers go, “Why in the world didn’t we think of that?” And on February 12, 1990, a game was released to the U.S. masses that did exactly that: Super Mario Bros. 3.

Created by Shigeru Miyamoto and the team that would become known as Entertainment Analysis and Development, Super Mario Bros. 3 was a game that would take two years to complete, as opposed to several months. The main reason was that between the ROM shortage in 1988 and Nintendo of America’s preparations for the U.S. release of Super Mario Bros. 2, a lot of video game titles couldn’t be released on their original schedules, and Super Mario Bros. 3 and Zelda II: The Adventure of Link were among those titles. However, what looked like a setback would turn into an opportunity for Nintendo when an executive from Universal Studios named Tom Pollock approached Nintendo of America’s marketing team about a video game movie. This film would eventually become known as the cult classic “The Wizard”, but Nintendo saw the opportunity to promote their games as well as attract attention to SMB3. Although the game still wasn’t officially released yet, the fact that it would appear in the movie’s climax was more than enough to get the attention Nintendo needed.




As director of the game, Miyamoto worked closely with the designers and programmers from start to finish, encouraging as much ideas as possible.  When development began, the main idea was to have the game appeal to players of all skill levels. For example, 1-Up mushrooms and bonus coins were abundant in the earlier levels, while the later worlds presented much greater challenges for veteran gamers. If by chance two players were playing, then there would be alternate turns to balance the play time out, so if one player played an action scene and either made it through or lost a life, the other player would then go after that. In addition, many concepts and power-ups would be introduced that would become staples for later Mario games. At one point someone had suggested giving Mario a power-up that would turn him into a centaur, but that idea was scrapped in favor of a raccoon tail that would give Mario the ability to fly for a while as well as float, hence the Super-Leaf. Not only that, but there would be many levels created to take advantage of the many other power-ups/costumes that could be found, such as the Frog-suit being a big help in World-3, or the Tanooki-suit in World-5. To top it all off, the Hammer-suit in worlds 6 and 7 – which could allow Mario to throw hammers and be resistant to fire – would become the most coveted power-up in the game.


Along with new abilities, Mario’s rouge’s gallery was expanded to have more diversity in the game. So you no longer had to deal with just Goombas, Hammer Bros., Bullet Bills and Koopa Troopas, now the player had to contend with Goombas who could fly (and some who could drop micro-Goombas to hamper your jumping); a chained enemy called a Chain-Chomp; Boomerang Bros., Fire Bros., and in World-4 the Sledge Bros.; Some piranha plants could now spit fire at you as well as spiked balls; Bloopers in underwater levels could have a school of min-Bloopers that would either follow or be scattered in four directions; castle stages introduced mummified Koopas known as Dry Bones who would reanimate after you stomp on them, enemies called Thwomps who were practically untouchable; ghost-like enemies called Boos who freeze up after you look in their direction, and in the case of World-2, an Angry Sun and tornadoes called Tweesters. New bosses were also introduced in the form of a new Koopa named Boom-Boom, and Bowser Koopa’s children The Koopalings. What is definitely the most fun is that each of the bosses have distinct personalities which seem to go hand in hand how they attack you, which can make it pretty challenging to defeat them, especially in the later worlds, and that was by design since the team wanted the Koopalings to be different from each other. In addition, many of the enemy ideas came from outside experiences. The Chain-Chomp, according to Miyamoto came from a very bad experience the latter had with a dog, while the Koopalings were a homage to seven of Miyamoto’s programmers on the team for their work. In addition, Nintendo of America also got the chance to be creatively involved for they were the ones who decided on the idea of naming the Koopalings after well-known musicians, like Roy Koopa and Ludwig von Koopa being named after Roy Orbison and Beethoven respectively. Miyamoto and the rest of EAD saw no problem with it, so the musician’s names stuck and have been the official names of the Koopalings ever since.




What also made SMB3 stand out was that both the look and the scope within said game were much larger than anything that had been attempted on a NES title, given the limited space on the cartridges. However, Nintendo figured out a way to expand the NES’s capabilities using some new tools. Using a graphics machine called a “Character Generator Computer Assisted Design” Nintendo was able to create a collection of all the graphical shapes that would be used in the game, which each shape being assigned a number so the game’s code could access them easier. Not only that, but the shapes could be combined to form complete images that would appear on the screen in real time.


Another tool Nintendo used was their custom-made MMC3 (Memory Management Control) chip that would be added into the SMB3 cartridge. What made this nifty chip so useful was that it allowed for animated tiles, extra memory (RAM) for the screen to scroll diagonally, and a scanline timer to split the screen. For the player, this meant that he/she could check out Mario’s stats while making their way through the Action Scenes, and not just left-to-right or top-to-bottom, but also diagonally, which no game had done at that point in time.



In addition to the action scenes, there were other features within the game that could help the player as well as add more to the fun factor: Toad’s houses which could give access to power-ups, as well as two types of card games – one being a game where the player has to match up three tiles correctly to gain extra lives, and the second being a Mario version of Concentration.






And of course, the music was nothing short of amazing, what with Koji Kondo once again stepping up his game and creating new tracks/themes in the game that added to the experience in such a way that it felt new, yet still kept the heart of the original SMB.  Each world had it’s own theme that fit what it was, and the overworld themes also went hand-in-hand with the stages, and the fortress/airship themes added a sense of urgency as well as a sense of realizing you have stepped into the villain’s lair, and you might not make it out.

Going into the game itself, it hearkens back to the original SMB where Bowser is up to his old tricks again, and this time he’s brought the entire might of his forces upon the Mushroom Kingdom, and as Mario and Luigi the player must once again rise to the occasion and stop Bowser, but this time instead of traveling through the usual worlds from the original, the player finds himself/herself traveling through a much larger Mushroom Kingdom, with worlds and stages the likes of which make the earlier games look tame by comparison, and with so many items, enemies, and Easter Eggs abound, the player will want to allow themselves one whole day just to play through the entire game and find every secret.




smb3 43




And the great thing about it is that as you progress through the levels, you really feel as if though it’s all building up to the final stage (Dark-Land) where Bowser is, and once you get there, you know it’s gloves-off, all-go, no-quit from here on in.  Especially since the first stage you get to isn’t even an Action-Scene at all, but rather an armada of Bowser’s tank forces, and that’s not even counting the second stage, which is Bowser’s water forces.  The first Action Scene cannot be reached until you get to the midway point of Dark Land, and even then, Bowser’s forces will come at you with everything they have, and your skills will be put to the test in every way.


And finally, once you manage to pass all those, and make your way to Bowser’s castle, you know you have to go one more round, and this time past all of the traps set up within the castle, to finally against the head honcho himself.


And once you defeat him and get to Princess Peach Toadstool, you definitely have a very satisfying conclusion to the entire quest.


To say that this game was almost universally praised was an understatement, and this is was one of those few times where a video game truly merited the acclaim.

…absolutely impossible to put down for anything less than a fire alarm – and even then you find yourself weighting down the odds.

-Tim Boone, editor, Computer and Video Games

While Super Mario Bros. defined its genre, Super Mario Bros. 3 perfected it.


Of course, these are only but a small portion of the acclaim given to SMB3, but you can believe that all the praise was deserved. On the sales side, SMB3 would go on to become one of the highest-selling video games that wasn’t bundled in with a system, selling over 18 million copies and grossing $500 million for Nintendo. David Sheff, author of “Game Over: How Nintendo Conquered the World” said that if one was to put the game’s sales in music industry terms, SMB3 went platinum 11 times. As of 2011, the game has grossed $1.7 billion when adjusted for inflation.

As a whole, Super Mario Bros. 3 truly was and still is one of those rare games that not only surpassed the hype that it built up, but more surprisingly, it managed to have the staying power that kept it alive even after the late-80s Nintendo-mania and the audience moved into the later eras of video games. And the fact that it has been released on almost every Nintendo system starting from the Game Boy Advance to the Wii U’s Virtual Console (and being one of the top games to download as a result) only shows that this game is truly a timeless one, and one that is right up there with SMB1 as the standard by which all game developers strive to create, especially in regards to the hype factor and surpassing it, as well as being commercially successful.

And to quote GamesRadar once again, Super Mario Bros. may have created a new genre, but Super Mario Bros. 3 took that genre and raised it to a whole new level that had never been seen before, and given that this was during the peak of Nintendo-mania, that only made it more epic, and even now to this very day, it has stood the test of time and is truly a game that showed players how to play with power.


Mario 30th Anniversary – Super Mario Bros. 2


When you have a massive hit with something – a movie, TV show, a song, or even a video game, you know a certain question is going to be asked: what do you do to follow it up?

Even if the folks at Nintendo never voiced it out loud, that question did weigh on their minds. Now that they had gone nationwide with the NES and single-handedly revitalized the video-game market, they knew they had to keep that momentum going. Fortunately Super Mario Bros. had proven to be the lynchpin they had hoped it would be, and their third-party licensees were already hard at work making games for the new system. However, it didn’t take long for Nintendo to realize that the courageous Italian plumber was turning into quite the household name to kids everywhere in the U.S. and they knew that a Mario sequel would be just the thing to help keep momentum, and as luck would have it, the sequel was already done.


Originally created for the Famicom Disk System in Japan, Super Mario Bros. 2 was an enhanced version of the original game, only with the level designs being more complex, character features were a bit more distinct, and there were even weather effects that could either help or hinder the player. As a result, players had a game that harkened back to the original, but with the difficulty amped up tremendously.

Lost Levels screen 1

Lost Levels screen 2

Lost Levels screen 3

As Nintendo of America studied the game, they came away from it feeling that the game would be too difficult for their audiences to grasp, and as such they had to find some other option. Given that the crash of ’83 was still fresh in their minds, NoA wanted their Mario games to be fun to their audiences, not difficult to the point of all-out frustration, which they felt would only make their games inaccessible to a market that was only just now recovering. As a result, they declined the original Mario sequel and requested a newer, friendlier sequel.

The timing was pretty good because right around this time Nintendo game director Kensuke Tanabe had already been working on a prototype for a new game, with help from Nintendo’s programming partner SRD. The prototype was essentially a model that put emphasis on levels that scrolled vertically with two players literally throwing each other in a cooperative way, and ascending by throwing and stacking blocks. Unfortunately the combination of both the scrolling and the multi-player action was deemed too much for the Famicom’s hardware to handle, and Tanabe sat on the prototype for a while until he was told to use the Yume Kojo mascots in a game. With help from Shigeru Miyamoto’s team, Tanabe took the gameplay concepts from his prototype and ended up creating “Yume Kojo: Doki Doki Panic”. The game was set in an Arabian environment, with four distinct protagonists: Mama, Papa, Imajin and Lina. Although all four characters are optionally playable, the game is never fully completed until the player clears all the levels using each protagonist.


doki doki panic screen 1

doki doki panic screen 2

doki doki panic screen 3

doki doki panic screen 4

To convert this game into what would be Super Mario Bros. 2, several graphical changes were made to the levels and the characters, particularly with Mario, Luigi, Toad, and Princess Peach Toadstool being built upon the character models of Imajin, Mama, Lina and Papa. As a result the characters now had the physical likeness that audiences now recognize these days such as Luigi being taller than Mario. Plus when Luigi jumped he would not only jump higher but his legs would do a little animation as well, an idea Miyamoto himself came up with. Aside from the aforementioned changes, very little else needed to be changed, seeing as how Doki Doki Panic already had familiar elements like the Starmen, coins, POW Blocks, and Warp-Zones. However, the only other notable change was that instead of needing to use each of the heroes to complete each level, the player could finish the game with any combination of characters, and if he/she wanted to, they could just keep choosing the same character when prompted.






Princess Peach

In addition, the sound effects from the first Super Mario Bros. game were used, along with some new music cues courtesy of Koji Kondo.

So just what was the end result? Well, players were reintroduced to some familiar characters once again, only this time in a whole new way. Not only were Mario and Luigi playable, but so were Princess Peach and Toad, and instead of the Mushroom Kingdom the four heroes found themselves in a dream-world called Subcon and they had to try and find a way to free it from the clutches of the villainous frog known as Wart. To do this they had to defeat Wart’s forces using vegetables, bomb-plants, and POW Blocks, as well as picking up their enemies and throwing them at other foes.

Not only did the four heroes each look distinct, but they also had abilities that could be a big help, depending on the level and if the player knew how to use the characters well: Mario was a character who was the most balanced; Luigi could jump higher than anyone else; Toad was the strongest of the four and wasn’t hampered by whatever he picked up; and Princess Peach was able to hover for a few seconds.

Unlike SMB, SMB2 had an actual life gauge for the characters. So unlike the first game – where if you touched an enemy you shrank and lost all your abilities – with this gauge you could take a hit and not worry about dying unless you were at your final life point, and it would only be at your final life point where you would also shrink.

In keeping with its predecessor, SMB2 also had Easter Eggs, but they could only be gotten to if the player found a magic flask which, after being thrown would activate a doorway that would access a hidden area known as subspace, where the level’s grounds appear black with the exception of the sky, the vegetable sprouts could be picked up as coins instead of actual vegetables, and if the player threw the flask in just the right spot, he/she could find a mushroom that could increase their maximum life gauge by one once picked up.


Plus, the jars that work like pipes – gateways to hidden spots – could also be used as Warp-Zones if one knew where to look.

Not only that, but the coins that are collected in the subspace could be used for the bonus round at the end of each level, which was a slot machine game that could earn the player more lives if they could match up certain characters.

SMB2 slot machine

Now even though the game was significantly different than its predecessor it was still nonetheless enjoyable, plus being able to play as Toad and the Princess as well as the Mario Bros. made it all the more fun, plus there was still enough of the gameplay that carried over from SMB that didn’t turn audiences off, which made Nintendo of America sigh in relief.

As a whole, the game ended up doing very well (ten million sold) and became the third highest-selling game for the NES at that point in time. The Nintendo Power magazine even said that although it wasn’t originally released as a Mario game, it was able to stand on its own merits and its unique takes on the series’ trademark format, and it is very difficult to dispute that.

Although the original Super Mario Bros. 2 would eventually find its way to U.S. shores years down the road, it is still nevertheless impressive to see how the sequel we received was different yet still didn’t break the elements that made the original SMB great. And the game’s staying power still holds up even to this day, given that it has been re-released countless times since the dawn of the new millennium, from the Game-Boy Advance to the Virtual Console on the Wii U.

Mario and his friends may have taken a little detour into a dream world, but it was one that was still nevertheless fun for all, and every gamer who has played it can attest to that.

SMB2 artwork

But even with this little detour, gamers were going to have to brace themselves for things to get super once again within a year and change, but this time on a much grander stage, both literally and figuratively…